The initial objective of negotiating a differentiated regional arms control agreement had to be abandoned due to opposition from some states. Nevertheless, the final document provides a framework for strengthening confidence and security measures between all Balkan and neighbouring countries, but on a voluntary basis. A commission made up of representatives of the participating states oversees the implementation of voluntary measures and informs the OSCE Security Cooperation Forum (FSC) and the Permanent Council on Activities. The application of Article IV was defined in the Florence Agreement of 14 June 1996. It sets ceilings for five categories of armaments (battle tanks, armoured vehicles, artillery, combat aircraft and combat helicopters) for ex-belligerents. The agreement on the importation of educational, scientific and cultural materials (also known as the Florence Convention) is a 1950 UNESCO treaty in which states agree not to tax certain imported educational, scientific and cultural materials. THE RACVIAC obtained a new legal basis in 2011, with the ratification of the new agreement. It is a multilateral instrument between Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia and Turkey. RACVIAC has thus become a regional organization. Germany is an associate member and supports the RACVIAC by sending teachers to various seminars. The agreement was adopted by resolution on 17 June 1950 at a UNESCO general conference in Florence, Italy. Opened for signature on May 21, 1950 in Lake Success, New York, it came into effect on May 21, 1952.
Since 2014, it has been signed by 29 states and ratified by 102 states, including 101 UN member states plus the Holy See. The states that signed the agreement but did not ratify it are Colombia, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guinea-Bissau, Honduras and Peru. There is no deadline for signing or ratifying the agreement. Many years after the Second World War, Europe had the largest concentration of armed forces and weapons ever known in peacetime. In the early 1970s, when relations between the opposing military blocs – the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the Warsaw Treaty Organization (WTO) – improved, it became possible… Germany supports the implementation of the final document by states in the region, for example through bilateral actions such as training assistance, exploration visits, language courses, participation in mutual inspection visits and the active promotion of the Regional Verification Arms Control and Implementation Assistance Centre (RACVIAC) in Zagreb.