Some women who were sexually active before (or their hymen suffered other damage) may undergo surgery called hymenorrhaphia or hymenoplasty to repair or replace their hymenphene and cause vaginal bleeding during the next sexual intercourse as evidence of virginity (see below). [41] In some cultures, a single woman who is not a virgin may be exposed to an honor killing, either intentionally or as a result of rape, shame, exclusion, or even honor killing. In these cultures, female virginity is intimately linked to personal or even family honor, especially those known as societies of shame where the loss of virginity before marriage is a matter of deep shame. [4] In some parts of Africa, the myth that sex with a virgin can cure HIV/AIDS, leading to girls and women being raped. [42] [43] In other societies, such as many modern Western cultures, the lack of sexual abstinence before marriage is not as socially stigmatized as in the cultures mentioned above. [39] In this case, all the staff at the SGBV clinic face a difficult task: how do you deny what appears to be vital information for survivors and their families? It`s about unmasking the myths of virginity that destroy the lives of women around the world, and especially survivors of sexual violence who are ashamed and accused of what another person has done to her. The consequences of sexual violence are already devastating and rather inevitable; While the humiliation, physical and mental pain of a gynecological examination, often performed by force, is cruel, unnecessary and unethical, it can and should therefore be avoided. [10,12,14,16,18] The Bible required a man who seduced or raped a virgin to pay his marriage price to his father and marry the girl. [45] In some countries, until the end of the twentieth century, a woman could sue a man who had taken her virginity but did not marry her. In some languages, compensation for this damage is referred to as “crown money.” [46] The author declares a conflict of interest because she participated in the creation and management of the Pran Men`M Klink VBMS and participated in the project to unmask the myths of virginity presented in the article. In fact, besides the lack of medical or scientific value, studies show that virginity tests are harmful: they are physically painful and psychologically distressing. Vaginal examination appears to be linked to unusual sexual behaviours and a higher risk of STI infection, although in some areas of Africa, virginity testing is intended to reduce the spread of these contagious diseases. [12,13,14] Psychologically, research shows that virginity tests can easily lead to decreased self-esteem, anxiety, depression, and even suicide or suicide attempts, especially in the case of a forced examination.

[4,14] In some modern, predominantly Muslim societies like Turkey, vaginal examinations to check a woman`s virginity are a clinical practice that is sometimes imposed by the state. . . .